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Telecommunications Facts

    Telecommunications History

  • 1900 - First coin telephone installed.

  • 1951 - First long distance phone call without directory assistance.

  • 1968 - First 911 system was introduced in the United States.

  • 1971 - First commercially viable answering machine.

  • 1985 - Cellular car phones introduced.

  • 1988 - Auto-Dialing phone cards introduced.

  • 1993 - The White House goes online.

  • Alexander Graham Bell originally wanted the greeting for the telephone to be "Ahoy" but Thomas Edison voted for "Hello," a word he coined in 1877.

  • The original name of the telephone was the harmonic telegraph.

  • It took a year to connect the first line from New York to San Francisco. 14,000 miles of copper wire and 130,000 telephone poles were needed to link the country.

  • The annual revenue for the telephone industry is $210 billion, almost 8 times that of
    television and 23 times the revenue of radio.

  • Cellular phone service has accounted for a third of the telephone industry's growth for the last six years.

  • The US telephone wireless and directory market is expected to reach $211 billion by the year 2001.

  • Globally, about $1 trillion is spent annually on telecommunications products and services.

  • One million threads of fiber optic cable can fit in a tube 1/2" in diameter.

  • In 1999, new fiber was being installed at a rate of 2800 miles or 4500 kilometers per hour! (Source: Address by C. Michael Armstrong, Chairman & CEO, AT&T at Telecom '99 Geneva, Switerland)

  • The telephone is the most used piece of communication equipment in the world more than E-mail, Text Message or any others..

  • The busiest organization in the world is the Pentagon, which has 34,500 lines and gets 1 million calls a day. It received over 1.5 million phone calls on The 50th Anniversary of D-Day.

  • The busiest telephone exchange was by BellSouth at the 1996 Olympic Games, where 100 billion bits of information were transmitted per second.

  • Sweden is the country with the greatest penetration of telephones. It has 229 phones for every 1,000 people.

  • The longest phone cable is a submarine cable called FLAG (Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe). It spans 16,800 miles from Japan to the United Kingdom and can carry 600,000 calls at a time.

  • The telephone is the most profitable invention in US history.

Television Facts

The invention of the television was the result of the work by many inventors, scientists and engineers in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s.  Many inventors made technological breakthroughs that were used by other inventors to successfully make working television systems.  The first working television systems were electromechanical and used a motor-generator.  Electronic television systems or all-electronic television systems do not have or use a motor-generator.  These television history facts include some of the most notable milestones in the development of television, but many other inventors that are not mentioned here played critical roles in the invention of the television.

Timeline Of Television

1884 The first electromechanical television was proposed and patented by Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow. Nipkow never built a working model of the electromechanical television.
1888 Liquid Crystals were accidentally discovered by Friedrich Reinitzer. Liquid crystals were a scientific curiosity for about 80 years before they were used to build liquid crystal displays (LCD).
1897 The first Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) was built by Karl Ferdinand Braun.
1925 John Logie Baird was the inventor who built the world’s first working television system. The world’s first working television system was electromechanical.
1928 The world’s first successful color transmission by John Logie Baird. The color transmission was made using an electromechanical television system.
1928 The first working electronic television (all-electronic) was built by Philo Taylor Farnsworth. The electronic television (all-electronic) system did not use or have the motor-generator that was used in the electromechanical television systems.
1936 The world’s first analog high definition TV (HDTV or HD) regular service was started in Britain in 1936.
1964 The first working liquid crystal display (LCD) was built by George H. Heilmeier. The original LCD displays were based on what is called dynamic scattering mode (DSM).
1964 The first flat plasma display panel (PDP) was invented by Donald Bitzer, Gene Slottow and Robert Willson.
1972 The first active-matrix liquid crystal display (LCD) panel was produced by Westinghouse.
1977 The first true all LED flat panel television TV screen was developed by J. P. Mitchell.
1982 Seiko introduces the world’s first LCD TV watch.
1982 The first mass-produced pocket television was the Sony Watchman FD-210. The Sony Watchman was also the first flat CRT television in production.
1988 The Sharp Corporation develops the world’s first 14-inch color TFT LCD TV. The LCD TV model was called the Crystaltron.
1995 The world’s largest LED display, the Fremont Street Experience, in Las Vegas is over 1,500 ft. long and 90 ft. high at the peak.
1996 The first public digital high-definition television (HDTV or HD) broadcast in the United States. The official US public launch of the HDTV digital broadcasting system is technically considered to be 1998. *HD ready refers to the abilities of television receivers to display high-definition pictures.
2008 The world’s largest Plasma TV is a 150 inch Plasma TV made by Panasonic, standing 6 ft high and 11 ft wide.
2009 The world’s largest LED high-definition video display screen in the world is the Mitsubishi Diamond Vision display at the Dallas Cowboys Stadium. The LED HD display measures 160 ft wide and 72 ft high and is nicknamed the “JerryTron” after Cowboys owner Jerry Jones.
2010 The world’s largest Plasma 3D TV is a 152 inch Plasma TV made by Panasonic
2010 The world’s first 3D LED HDTV released by Samsung (Samsung 3D LED 7000). Announced in February, 2010. LG announced the release of their first 3D LED HDTV, the LG LX9500 in March, 2010.

Facts about Cell Phones

There is no question about it. The cell phone has completely changed the way that the world lives. From America to Africa, there isn’t a continent that hasn’t been affected by this technology. The sweeping popularity of the cell phone is unprecedented in World History.

  • It is estimated that 250-300 million cell phones are currently being used in the U.S.

  • There is one cell phone for every two people in the world, which is a grand total of about 3.3 billion cell phones that are actively in use.

  • There are more than 30 African nations that have more cell phones than land mines.

  • More than 1,000 cell phones are activated each minute.

  • The average American cell phone owner has 3 outdated, unused cell phones in his possession.

  • Most Americans only use their cell phone for 12 to 18 months before replacing it with a new model.

  • According to recent information from the FDA cell phones do not pose a health hazard. They do emit low levels of radiofrequency (RF) energy, but there has been no proof that the level of RF produced, causes any health issues. One can reduce any perceived risk by using a hands free device, which significantly reduces the small amount of RF energy that a cell phone user is exposed to.

  • A study by the University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research showed that 83% of people believe that cell phones make their lives easier. The cell phone even beat out the Internet in this survey.

  • Technology has come a long way in just a few short decades. Evidence of this can be seen in the fact that an iPhone has more processing power than the North American Air Defense Command did in 1965.

  • Cell phones can help authorities find an owner’s location if he is ever lost or injured. Of course, calling 911 is always best, if possible, but if one is unable to send out a call, his location can be tracked based on the towers that his cell phone is pinging. A cell phone does have to be turned on in order to ping towers, so if one is trying to conserve battery, one should make sure that it is turned on now and then so that there will be a record of the towers that his cell phone has been pinging. It does not give an exact location, but if a person is missing, searchers will have a basic area to cover based on that person’s cell phone’s signals. This is why, if one is able to call 911 and give a specific location, that is the best way to get help. But cell phones are important to have nearby in case of any emergency.

  • Cell phones can be recycled. There are many great non-profit groups who are willing to take old cell phones and refurbish them for needy people such as military men and women who are stationed overseas. Not only is this a great way to be eco-friendly, but it also provides the heroes of this country with a way to stay in touch with their family while overseas. Unfortunately, only 2.3% of Americans recycle their old cell phones and 7% throw them away. This is because over 70% of Americans are not aware that cell phones can be recycled.

Internet Facts

Do you know which population surfed Internet the most? How many % of the world’s population come online everyday? How many countries still do not have Internet connection?

  • 35.6% of internet users are Asian.

  • With average of 389 million of internet surfers each month, Asia is the largest internet crowd among other world regions.

  • In Afirca, 3 out of 100 surf the Internet.

  • In Asia, 10 out of 100 surf the Internet.

  • In Europe, 38 out of 100 surf the Internet.

  • In Middle East, 10 out of 100 surf the Internet.

  • In North America, 70 out of 100 surf the Internet.

  • In Latin America, 16 out of 100 surf the Internet.

  • In Australia, 53 out of 100 surf the Internet.

  • Only 16.6% of world population surf the internet.

  • 1 billion users around the globe are surfing the Internet every month.

  • Amount of internet surfers in Asia (389,392,28 mil) is 11 times the population of Australia (34,468,443 mil).

  • 19% of internet users are from United States (210,080,067 mil).

  • Around 18 countries still doesn’t have Internet connection.

  • North Korea’s internet penetration statistics is not publicized.